Short Blocks

Maths Year 1/2 Spring Money and Time

Each unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts.

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Open Unit 1 and download the PowerPoint from 'Planning and Group Activities': a brilliant and ready-to-use maths lesson for your white board!

The PowerPoint incorporates step-by-step teaching, key questions, an in-depth mastery investigation, problem-solving and reasoning questions - in short, everything you need to get started.

All the other resources are there to support as-and-when required. Explore at your leisure - and remember that we are always here to answer your questions.

Unit 1 Add/sub pairs of 2-digit numbers (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Add/sub pairs of 2-digit numbers
Unit 3: ID# 12476

Y1: Money; add/subtract 10.
Y2: Add and subtract 2-digit numbers.

National Curriculum
Y1: Add-Sub (i) (iii); Meas (iii)
Y2: PV (i) (ii); Add-Sub (i) (ii)

Y1 Hamilton objectives
22. Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.
11. Add small numbers by counting on and subtract small numbers by counting back.
3. Count on and back in 10s from any 1-digit or 2-digit number, e.g. 23, 33, 43, 53... Continue to just over 10.

Y2 Hamilton objectives
6. Use place value and number facts to solve problems, e.g. 60 –  = 20.
10. Add a 2-digit number and 10s; add two 2-digit numbers that total less than 100 by counting on in 10s and 1s.
11. Count back in 1s or 10s or use number facts to take away, e.g. 27-3 = or 54-20 =.

Planning and Activities

Day 1
Show children large mock coins (or use the IWB): 10p, 5p, £1, 2p and 1p, out of order of value. Place the coins in order along a line, discussing each one. Find the numbers of pennies that can be swapped for each coin.
Further Teaching with Y2
Use Spider to work out 33 + 21 and 42 + 25.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 -- Play a game involving collecting and exchanging coins.
Y2 -- Adding 2-digit numbers using Spider. Use Spider to add 22 to 2-digit numbers.

Day 2
Demonstrate adding 2 or 3 coins up to 10, e.g. adding 2p by tapping it twice and saying five, six.
Further Teaching with Y2
Model partitioning to add 34 + 23. Use the same method as for doubling and record in same way. Repeat for 45 + 24 and 36 + 22.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 -- Write coin addition number sentences; find different totals.
Y2 -- Add two 2-digit numbers card game: collaborative calculations.

Day 3
Share different ways of making 7p using 5p, 2p and 1p coins. Demonstrate making an ordered list to find all possibilities. Record the additions at the side and show how we now know we have found them all.
Further Teaching with Y2
Use partitioning to add pairs of 2-digit numbers, where 1s come to more than 10.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 could use the ‘Coins in my pockets’ in-depth problem-solving investigation below; Y2 could use the ‘Lines of Numbers’ in-depth problem-solving investigation below as today’s group activity.
Or, use these activities:
Y1 -- Investigate how many ways children can make 6p and 8p.
Y2 -- Choose cards to make 2-digit numbers, then find the total using partitioning. Suggest pairs of numbers that make a given total.

Day 4
Use the 100-bead bar then Spider counting on the 1 to 100 grid to count in 10s from single-digit numbers.
Further Teaching with Y2
Show a 1 to 100 grid. Use Spider and Fly to work out 54 – 23, 86 – 32 and 77 – 25.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 -- Investigate possible missing numbers in the number sentence □ is 10 more than □.
Y2 -- Subtract 2-digit numbers using a 1 to 100 grid and Spider and Fly. Find mystery subtraction numbers following the movements of Spider and Fly.

Day 5
Revisit subtracting 10s and 1s with Y1 and Y2.
Further Teaching with Y1
Use Spider on the 1 to 100 grid to support counting back in 10s. Find 10 less than given numbers, both on the grid and on a beaded line.
Group Activities: T with Y1
Y1 -- Throw a beanbag onto a 100 grid and find 10 more/less. Create a 2-digit number and find 10 less. Record as a number sentence.
Y2 -- Solve subtraction word problems

You Will Need

  • Large mock coins
  • Washing line or Interactive Whiteboard
  • ‘1 to 100 grid’ (see resources)
  • Pot of real coins 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p and £1
  • Cubes, Dice
  • Plastic Spider and Fly
  • Large replica 1p, 2p, 5p and 10p coins (or IWB coins)
  • Place value cards
  • ITP Place Value
  • 10–50 tens cards, 1–9 ones cards
  • Mini-whiteboards and pens
  • Flipchart
  • 100-Bead bar, tens catcher if available
  • ‘Adding ten’ writing frame (see resources)
  • Counters
  • ‘0 to 100 beaded line’ (see resources)
  • Large floor-size 100 grid (if possible)
  • Bean bag
  • ‘Take away ten’ writing frame sheet (see resources)
  • ‘Subtraction story cards’ (cut into separate cards - see resources)

Short Mental Workouts

Day 1
Count on in 10s

Day 2
Say the number that is 2 more

Day 3
Bonds to 10

Day 4
Pairs to 6 and 7

Day 5
Subtraction facts

Worksheets

Day 1
Y1: Swap 1ps for one coin of greater value.
Swap different coins for one coin of greater value.
Draw the smallest number of coins needed to give the stated change.
Y2: Add pairs of 2-digit numbers using Spider on a 1-100 grid.

Day 2
Y1: Find coin totals (<10p).
Find coin totals (>10p).
Y2: Add pairs of 2-digit numbers using partitioning (1s total <10).

Day 3
Y1: How many ways can you make 10p/15p?
Y2: Add pairs of 2-digit numbers using partitioning (1s totals <10).
Add pairs of 2-digit numbers using partitioning (some 1s totals >10).

Day 4
Y1: Find 10 more than given numbers.
Answer true/false statements; solve number sentences with missing numbers.
Y2: Use a 1–100 grid to subtract 2-digit numbers.

Day 5
Y1: Find 10 less than given numbers.
Answer ‘10 less’ true/false statements; solve number sentences with missing numbers.
Y2: Use Spider and Fly to subtract 2-digit numbers on a 1–100 grid.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y1

  • Write three different amounts that can be made using three identical coins.
  • True or false?
    2p and 1p are the only brown coins.
    A 10p coin is smaller than a 2p.
    5p is the smallest coin.
  • Start with 1p.
    Add 2p five times.
    What is your answer?
  • Start with 10p.
    How many times can you subtract 2p?
  • How many different ways are there of giving me 5p?
  • Complete each sequence:
    4, 14, 24, ___, ___, ___
    86, 76, ___, ___, ___, ___
  • Write the missing numbers:
    57 – 10 = ☐
    35 + ☐ = 45
    67 = ☐ + 10
    82 + 10 = ☐
  • Write the missing number in each bar diagram:

Diagram 1

?
5423

Diagram 2

?
3236

Diagram 3

?
8514

Diagram 4

78
?23

Diagram 5

46
32?

Diagram 6

95
?14

In-depth investigation:

Y1: Coins in my pockets
Children use clues, and trial and improvement to find different combinations of coins with a total of 20p.

Y2: Lines of Numbers
Children create sequences based on Fibonacci and explore patterns of odd and even numbers, making connections with general statements about addition.

Extra Support

Y1:
Money Bags

Knowing the value of coins from 1p to 20p

More Spider Counting
Counting on in 10s from single-digit numbers

Y2:
Secret Spider

Adding and subtracting 10 using the 1-100 grid

Unit 2 Tell the time; units of time (suggested as 3 days)

Objectives

Tell the time; units of time
Unit 3: ID# 12524

Y1: Tell the time to the half hour; units of time
Y2: Tell the time to the quarter hour; units of time

National Curriculum
Y1: Meas (iv) (v) (vi)
Y2: Meas (vi) (vii) (viii)

Y1 Hamilton objectives
19. Tell the time to the half hour on analogue and digital clocks.
20. Use the language of time including days, weeks, months, earlier, later, yesterday, minutes, hours.
21. Sequence events in chronological order.

Y2 Hamilton objectives
29. Tell/write the time on digital/analogue clocks to half past, quarter past and quarter to the hour; draw hands on a clock face to show these times.
30. Begin to tell and write the time on digital and analogue clocks to the nearest 5 minutes.
31. Know number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day; use it to compare/ sequence intervals of time.

Planning and Activities

Day 1
Use a geared analogue clock to show o’clock and half past times, discuss what happens at these times.
Further Teaching with Y2
Show quarter past and to times on a pink and blue clock face. Reinforce ’pink past’, ‘blue to’.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 -- Play ‘What’s the time Mr Wolf?’, making times on clocks.
Other children will play a board game, making times on clocks. Children may also say the time half an hour earlier or later and order times.
Y2 -- Write times to the quarter hour from given clock images.

Day 2
Launch ITP Tell the Time. Stop the clock and set the time to 10 o’clock. Show and discuss both the analogue and digital displays. Demonstrate how both change if we move on in half hour intervals.
Further Teaching with Y2
Show analogue clocks showing 3 o’clock, quarter to 4, quarter to 3 and quarter past 3. Children write these times, in order, from the earliest to the latest. Then show these times on a digital clock. Introduce 5, 10 and 20 past.
Group Activities: T with Y2
Y1 -- Use the in-depth problem-solving investigation ‘Times of day’ from NRICH as today’s group activity. Or, use these activities:
Match written and/or analogue and digital times.
Y2 -- Use the ‘Pink or blue? in-depth problem-solving investigation below as today’s group activity. Or, use these activities:
Match pairs of analogue and digital times. Some children explore telling time to the nearest 5 minutes.

Day 3
Hang days of the week along a washing line. Chant and rehearse the order. Repeat for months. Children write their names on sticky notes and attach these to their birthday month. Remove a month card. Open your eyes. Which month is missing?
Group Activities: T with Y1
Y1 -- Play a game ordering days of the week/ months of the year.
Y2 -- Make up clues for specific days of the week that relate them to other days and their position within the week. Repeat for months of the year.

You Will Need

  • Large geared analogue clock
  • Small analogue clocks
  • ‘Hamilton clock’ (see resources)
  • ‘What’s the time?’ game board (see resources)
  • 1–6 dice
  • Counters
  • ‘Telling the time to quarters and halves’ (see resources)
  • ‘Time cards’ (see resources)
  • Cubes
  • ITP Tell the Time
  • ‘Match the times’ sheets 1 and 2 (see resources)
  • Whiteboards and pens
  • ‘Ordering days of the week’ cards (see resources, enlarge)
  • ‘Months’ cards (see resources, enlarge)
  • ‘Months of the year’ mnemonic sheet (see resources)
  • Washing line
  • Sticky notes

Short Mental Workouts

Day 1
Make o’clock times

Day 2
Count in steps of one hour

Day 3
Days of the week

Worksheets

Day 1
Y1: Write times, or draw the hands on the clocks to show o’clock and half past times.
Y2: Write times to the quarter hour, in words, alongside analogue clocks.

Day 2
Y1: Draw clock hands and write times in words to complete the timeline.
Y2: Draw clock hands and digital displays. Write times to the quarter hour, in words, alongside analogue clocks.

Day 3
Y1: Help Daniel to order his clubs during the week.
Help Sammy to order birthdays through the year.
Y2: Quiz questions about days of the week and months of the year.

Mastery: Reasoning and Problem-Solving

Y1

  • True or false?
    -Half past 5 is half an hour before 6 o’clock.
    -We leave school at about half past 3.
    -We get to school at 2 o’clock.
    -Half past 12 on the clock has the hour hand pointing straight down and the minute hand pointing straight up.
  • Write the time half an hour after:
    (i) 10 o’clock
    (ii) half past 6
    (iii) 1 o’clock.
  • Write the missing days:
    [__________], Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, [___________], [___________], Saturday
  • Which month comes after:
    (a) January (b) March (c) May (d) July (e) October?

Y2

  • Using digital format, write the times that each of these events happens.
    Tea time, Bed time, School start time, Playtime
  • Use a circle of paper. Draw the minute hand in the correct place for each time listed. Use the colour indicated.
    Quarter to (blue); Half past (red); Quarter past (black).
  • Write the missing digits in these times.
    Quarter past 4 is 04 : ☐
    Half past 6 is 06 : ☐
    Quarter to ☐ is 08 : 45
  • If the time is five past 10, how would it show on a digital clock?
  • If the time is 1:45, draw the position of the hands on an analogue clock.

In-depth investigation: Pink or blue?
Children explore the number of quarter past and quarter to times in a day by looking at the two sides of the clock.

Extra Support

Y1: Time to play
Tell the time to the hour on analogue clocks.

Time Jigsaws
Tell the time to the hour on analogue clocks.

Y2: Time Triples
Tell the time to the hour on analogue and digital clocks.

Time loop
Tell the time to the half hour on analogue and digital clocks.