Maths Reception Spring Addition and Subtraction

Each week-long unit has everything you need to teach a set of related skills and concepts. ‘Maths Out Loud’ provides essential whole-class practice of counting and repetitive chants, rhymes and songs, along with a linked story to enjoy together.

The three remaining sections provide a choice of activities to target the key characteristics of effective early learning. Through ‘Exploring and Playing’, children will engage with their peers and their environment. ‘Active Learning’ should promote the motivation needed to be involved and to keep trying. Many of the activities suggested in ‘Creating and Thinking Critically’ support early development of children’s problem-solving and reasoning skills.

‘UNIT PLAN’ gives you a text version of all parts of the unit to use in your school planning documentation. ‘DOWNLOAD ALL FILES’ gives you that unit plan plus all of the associated documents. The downloads in each section of the first unit are free to download for all users. However these bulk downloads are only available to Hamilton Friends and School Subscribers, representing added value for those users.

Unit 1 Say the number 1 more/ less (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Say the number 1 more/ less

Unit 1: ID# R509

Development Matters

Counts objects to 10, and beginning to count beyond 10.
Says the number that is one more than a given number.
Finds one more or one less from a group of up to five objects, then ten objects.
In practical activities and discussion, is beginning to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
Records, using marks that they can interpret and explain.
Counts reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Using quantities and objects, adds and subtracts two single-digit numbers and counts on or back to find the answer.

Early Learning Goals

Say which number is one more or one less than a given number.

Hamilton Objectives

11. Find one more than a group of up to 5 objects and then up to 10 objects.
14. ELG: Say the number one more than a given number up to 20.
15. ELG: Say the number one less than a given number up to 20.

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

A complete set of dominoes; chairs; a steering wheel and a bus stop; items in a class shop; price labels; pens; playground chalk; bean bags.

Active Learning

A tin or money box; 12 pennies; 12 soft toys, a blanket; 10 chairs; covered car park (see preparation); 10 cars.

Creating and Thinking Critically

1-20 track; 1-20 cards; eight cards for additions; cubes; Addition cards (see resources); 1-6 dice; dice with 1 or 2 spots on each face; game track with numbers from 1 to 12 in order; building bricks, e.g. Lego® or Duplo®; coin; counters.

Maths Out Loud

Counting

Shuffle a set of 1-10 cards. Show one. Children say the next number, then carry on counting until you say stop. Repeat with other cards.
On a different day, repeat, but this time, children count back to zero.
Use number shapes – such as Numicon - for the same activity, asking Which shape is 1 more/ 1 less than this one?
Analyse and visualise number images, e.g. by showing children the dice pattern for 5 and asking them What numbers can you see hidden inside this number?

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

Sing a song or say a rhyme which starts with one object/character and adds one more each time, e.g. One elephant went out to play, or One man went to mow, such as this animated version of One Man Went to Mow on YouTube.com.

Story

On the Launch Pad: A Counting Book About Rockets by Michael Dahl

Active Learning

  1. Pennies in the tin
  2. Who’s hiding?
  3. Bus stop
  4. Car park

Unit 2 Count on to add (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Count on to add

Unit 2: ID# R541

Development Matters

Finds the total number of items in two groups by counting all of them.
Says the number that is one more than a given number.
Finds one more or one less from a group of up to five objects, then ten objects.
In practical activities and discussion, is beginning to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
Records, using marks that they can interpret and explain.

Early Learning Goals

Count reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Use quantities and objects to add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.

Hamilton Objectives

11. Find one more than a group of up to 5 objects and then up to 10 objects.
12. In practical activities, perform additions and subtractions and use the appropriate and relevant vocabulary.
16. ELG: Add numbers (<10) of objects, images and quantities, counting on to find the answer, including counting on along a number track or line.

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

A complete set of dominoes; play animals, and a pen/series of pens/houses; 1-20 number cards; 1, 2, 3 dice; 2 different coloured counters; Snakes and ladders board (see resources).

Active Learning

2-10 cards; cubes; flipchart and pens; 1 to 12 cards; washing line and pegs; money box/tin; 12 pennies; 11-20 number cards; 1-20 number track; a large 1-12 floor number track; a large dice with 1, 2 or 3 spots on each face.

Creating and Thinking Critically

Pack of 1-20 cards; large piece of paper for a game track; coin; different coloured counters; building bricks, e.g. Lego® or Duplo®; playground chalk; lots of number shapes, e.g. Numicon.

Maths Out Loud

Counting

Roll a 1-6 (or 0-9) numerical dice. Show me this number on your fingers. What is the next number? Show me. Repeat lots of times. Then just roll the dice, children say the next number each time.

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

One, two, buckle my shoe. Children could join in with this animated version of One, two, buckle my shoe from www.bbc.co.uk.

Story

My Granny Went to Market by Stella Blackstone

Active Learning

  1. 2 more
  2. Two more pennies
  3. Taller towers
  4. Jump on the track

Unit 3 Count back to subtract (suggested as 5 days)

Objectives

Count back to subtract

Unit 3: ID# R563

Development Matters

Finds the total number of items in two groups by counting all of them.
Says the number that is one more than a given number.
Finds one more or one less from a group of up to five objects, then ten objects.
In practical activities and discussion, is beginning to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
Records, using marks that they can interpret and explain.

Early Learning Goals

Count reliably with numbers from one to 20, places them in order and says which number is one more or one less than a given number.
Use quantities and objects to add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find answer.

Hamilton Objectives

12. In practical activities, perform additions and subtractions and use the appropriate and relevant vocabulary.
13. Use appropriate marks to record numbers and operations: begin to use +, – , and = to record additions and subtractions.
17. ELG: Subtract one single digit number from another in the context of a practical activity, including counting back along a number track or line.

You Will Need

Exploring and Playing

Bikes; playground chalk; large numbers 1-10; 10 play people; a ‘park/playground’; access to the sand pit/ tray; buckets and spades; 1-20 number cards; 1, 2 dice.

Active Learning

Chair; blanket; 10 toy lions (or bears); flipchart and pens; 1-10 cards; cubes; large 1-12 floor track; large dice with 1 or 2 spots on each face; 1-20 floor track (or draw one on playground); cards for subtractions.

Creating and Thinking Critically

Plate; 10 biscuits; tea towel; puppet; teddy; cubes; a 1, 2 dice; large piece of paper; coin; counters; building bricks, e.g. Lego®, or Duplo®; 1-20 number track for each child.

Maths Out Loud

Counting

Shuffle a set of 5-20 cards. Show one. Children count back from this number to zero. Repeat counting back from other numbers.

Chants/Rhymes/Songs

Sing a song which subtracts 2 each time, e.g. 10 fat sausages sizzling in a pan, one went pop and another went bang. 8 fat sausages… Children show fingers to match sausages. There is an animated version of 10 Fat Sausages at www.bbc.co.uk.

Story

Ten Little Princesses or Ten Little Pirates by Mike Brownlow

Exploring and Playing

  1. Bike park
  2. Going home
  3. Sandcastles
  4. Turn the cards

Active Learning

  1. Lion hunt
  2. Two off the tower
  3. Jump back
  4. Mystery subtractions

Creating and Thinking Critically

  1. Teddy teatime
  2. Count back to subtract
  3. 1 less, 2 less
  4. On track